Pusat Pengajian Perumahan, Bangunan & Perancangan  |  School of Housing, Building and Planning    USM White

Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani



Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Assoc. Prof. Ir. Dr)
E49/104, School of HBP
USM 11800 Penang,
Tel : 604-6532804
Email : anaser@usm.my


Academic Qualifications  
  • Ph.D (Civil-Geotechnical), USM, 2004
  • Master in Civil Engineering (UTM), 1990
  • BSCE (Ohio), USA, 1986
Personal Details

Dr. Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani joined the Universiti Sains Malaysia in 1995. He obtained his BSCE from Ohio University (USA) 1986, his MSCE (Hydraulic and Hydrology) from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, and his Ph.D. (Geotechnical Eng.) from Universiti Sains Malaysia. Prior to USM, he worked for a major consulting firm in Malaysia with specialization in civil infrastructures involving the PLUS highway, water supply dam, and drainage systems. His main area of expertise is in civil engineering infrastructures for housing and land development. He has provided professional and consulting service in road design and supervision, drainage studies and design, geotechnical studies and design as well as irrigation facilities studies and design. He has published over 100 publications in books, professional and academic journals and proceedings. His research work on earth retention systems won the CIDB (Construction Industry Development Board, Malaysia) R&D of the Year Award.  He is a registered Professional Engineer with Practising Certificate (P. Eng) and also a member of the Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia (MACEM). He is also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (M.ASCE). His current research works are related to resilient and sustainable civil infrastructures including material and structure for infrastructure systems. Dr Naser has completed 5 competitive research grants related to civil infrastructure as the main PI. His experience in professional practice and academic research will be useful for finding practical solutions related to engineering issues especially on road infrastructure and prevention of flood damage to infrastructures. Dr Naser is also currently the Dean of the School of Housing Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia.



  • Civil INFRA ( www.hbp.usm.my/naser), a web site for building and civil infrastructure technology teaching and research.
  • HBP-Infratech (www.hbp.usm.my/infratech), a website for Infrastructure Technology Research Unit, HBP.


Professional Memberships  
  • Member Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia (MACEM)
  • Registered Professional Engineer (P.Eng)
  • Member, Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (MIEM)
  • Member, American Society of Civil Engineers (MASCE)
  • Life Member, ASEAN Engineers Register
Main Interest  




  1. Civil Engineering Infrastructure
  2. Geotechnology
  3. Urban and Rural Infrastructure


Bil     Topic     Summary of Research

Flooding depths and duration and its relationship to road subgrade capacity.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the moisture content variation and strength of the subgrade using the flood simulation model. The flood parameters used for this experimental model are based on actual data of flooding events from 1991 to 2014. It includes the parameters of flood water level, flood duration and repeated flooding. The samples were exposed to simulated flooding for a duration of 3, 24 and 48 hours for unrepeated flooding and 2, 5, and 24 hours for repeated flooding. Flood water levels were set to 0.3 m, 0.6 m and 1 m. This study shows that there is a strong relationship between moisture content and subgrade strength. The increase in the duration of the flooding affected the performance of the subgrade due to the increasing moisture content. The study also revealed that the rate of deterioration in subgrade strength for second flooding events is 30% less than for first flooding events. The result of this experiment will be used to develop the basis for including flooding characteristics in the modified California Bearing Ratio test for soils in flood prone areas.

Reinforcing road foundation in flood prone stretches

Pavement design formula by JKR is revisited to include the affect of road inundation during flooding. In order to consider the flood inundation in road structural design, additional data related to subgrade strength must be supplemented. The main focus of this research is to formulate the effect of flooding on the integrity of road subgrade. The formulation of the flood inundation effect based on the commonly used material for road subgrade, flooding conditions, and loading characteristics will enable the formula to be included in the road design specifications. The fundamental issue to be resolved is how the various flood inundation conditions affect or cause the variations in subgrade strength.The expected outcome is the formulation of additional design consideration for road design procedure in flood prone area.
This study aims to quantify the behavior of subgrade soil under various flooding conditions and its response to traffic load. This will enable for the formulation of a supplementary design consideration in pavement design procedures for flood prone area. In this formulation, the various environmental factors related to flood and rainfall will be quantified. The quantification of submerging and repeated flooding effect in terms of depth, period, frequency and loading from lab and field data will be used for the subsequent factorial analysis. The analysis will be able to determine the factors and their effect on the integrity of the subgrade and pavement in terms of strength, support capacity and stiffness. Data to be generated from an instrumented test rig will help to verify the analytical findings. The result of this study could be included as an additional design consideration in existing road design practice for flood prone area.
3.    Evaporative cooling of porous pavement   This is a study to evaluate a newly design water storage systems below paving blocks and its effects on evaporative cooling. Objectives to be achieved are i)to identify effective methods to maintain wet condition on the pavement; ii)to determine the heat reduction performance when there is water storage within the pavement; iii)to identify the effect on evaporation when there is water storage within the pavement; iv)to identify pavement performance on evaporative cooling during dry and rainy seasons; and v)to identify the effect of pavement surface texture and colour to the evaporation rate and temperature reductions.



PhD by Research

 Bil  Candidates    Title    Status
1. Julia Md Tukiran      The effect of pavement properties and tree types in mitigating heat island in urban area.    Graduated (2017)
2. Mustaqqim Abdul Rahim    The Effect on Lightning on the integrity of concrete beam embedded with lightning protection cable.    Graduated (2019)
3. Muhd Shahril Nizam Ismail   Effect of Depth and Duration on the Integrity of Road Subgrade Based on Actual Flooding Events   Submitted (2020)
4. Nurul Rezuana Buyung   Using Porous Pavers To Reduce Surrounding Temperature Around Buildings   In Progress
5. Zuhayr Md Ghazaly   Rainfall Variation And Its Effect On Road Subgrade Capacity To Support Pavement   In Progress


Masters Degree by Research

 Bil  Candidates    Title    Status
1. Ritzawati Mohd Shukeri      Effect of the Addition of Wastepaper to Concrete Mix      Graduated (2010) 
2. Mohammed Zuhaer Abdulameer    The Performance of a Newly Designed Concrete Armour Unit for Rubble Mound Breakwaters   Graduated (2010)
3. Nabihah Zamzani   Characterization of Durability and Mechanical Properties of 'Cocos Nucifera Linn' Fibre (CNF) Reinforced Foamcrete and its Performance at Elevated Temperatures,   Graduated (2019)
4. Mazlina Musa   The Properties of Lightweight Foamed Mortar (LFM) Incorporating with Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fibre   Graduated (2019)
5. Safawati Mohd Radzi   The Utilization Of Polyurethane To Improve Mechanical Strength Of Road Sub-Grade For Flood Damage Control   Graduated (2016)
6. Yuhanim Mahamud   Sand Characteristics In Coastal Area And Itsintrusion Into Sewer System   Graduated (2016)


Masters Degree Dissertation

 Bil    Candidates    Title    Status
1.   Muhanad Elshafie Mohamed Eltayib   Enhancing the properties of pervious concrete via combination of aggregate sizes.   Graduated (2019)
2.   Liew Eu Hung   Vibration and Vision Based Approaches for Road Events and Pavement Distresses Detection of Existing Road Surface Condition   Graduated (2018)
3.   Lim Khai Ying   Studies On Rainfall Characteristics And Its Effect On Road Infrastructure Health   Graduated (2018)
4.   Siti Aaminah Binti Muhammad Faiz   Impact Reduction Factors Of Energy-Absorbing Rubber Support As A Component In Elastic Flooring System For Karate And Taekwondo   Graduated (2017)
5.   Tommy Lim   A Study On Using Geographic Information System (GIS) For Managing Road Infrastructure   Graduated (2017)
6.   Nur Aqilah Binti Ahmad Faisal   The Effect Of Wall Opening Configuration On flood Velocity And Impact   Graduated (2016)
7.   Devagaran Samugavelu     Development of GIS Database and Product for Geotechnical Design Aid     Graduated (2015)
8.   Nur Izyan Roslan    The Effect of Road Submergence on Sub-grade Strength under various Flooding Event    Graduated (2015)
9.   Nursriafitah Kasnon    Flood water crossing: Developing laboratory model for water velocity investigation   Graduated (2014)
10.   An Nisha Nur Welliana Abd Rased    A study of load absorption capacity of tire production waste rubber for low impact playground floor systems.    Graduated (2014)
11.   Adhilla Ainun Musir    The effect of piling vibration on nearby building   Graduated (2013)
12.   Wan Nursyazwani Wan Mohammad    GIS Based Studies of Soil Properties in Seri Iskandar Perak    Graduated (2011)
13.   Norimah Zainudin    Short Span Precast Concrete Bridge Crossing for Rural Area ( Hollow Core Slab for Deck)   Graduated (2009)
14.   Nurhasyimah Ahmad Zamri    Design of Drainage Systems for Retaining Wall Structures   Graduated (2008)
15.   Hazwani Ramli    A Case Study of Slope Failure and Reinstatement Cost of Various Techniques.    Graduated (2008)
16.   Chong Boon Soon   An Investigation into Cost Efficiency of IBS as Compared to Conventional Construction Method for Low Cost Housing Project.   Graduated (2008)
17.   Erravan Serri    Mengkaji Kesan Saiz Agregat Tanah keatas Kekuatan Mampatan Blok Tanah.    Graduated (2006)
18.   Norhidayah Md Ulang    Noise Diffusion/Reduction Effect of Wall Panel with Diffrerent Surface Texture.    Graduated (2006)
19.   Norazura Mizal Azmi    Studies of Modular Bio Panel Slope Reinstatement    Graduated (2006)
20.   Azlee Zainol    Keberkesanan Pengurusan Organisasi Kontraktor Projek Bangunan di Tapak Bina    Graduated (2006)
21.   Mohd Faizal Abd Hamid    Punca, Masalah dan Kepentingan Kerja Penyenggaraan Bangunan.    Graduated (2000)
22.   Mohd Nazaruddin Yusoff    Kajian Kos Pembangunan Perparitan di Kawasan Perumahan Teres Kos Rendah    Graduated (1998)
23.   Teh Han Heng    Kajian Prestasi Ke atas Kaedah-Kaedah Rekabentuk Cerucuk Untuk Bangunan Sederhana Rendah    Graduated (1996)



   Books/Research Publications  
  1. Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, 2017, Experimenrtal Research Method in Engineering and Built Environment, in (A Complete Guide to Academic Reserach in Built Environment and Engineering), Penerbit USM (Universiti Sains Malaysia) , 273-287
  1. Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (2016). Road and Drainage. Chapter in a Book - Construction Methods and Technology (Eds. Hanizam Awang and Md Azree Othuman Mydin). Penang, USM Press. Pp186-217. ISBN 978-983-861-919-6
  1. Hanizam Awang and Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (2016). Earthworks and Excavation. Chapter in a Book - Construction Methods and Technology (Eds. Hanizam Awang and Md Azree Othuman Mydin). Penang, USM Press. Pp68-105. ISBN 978-983-861-919-6
  1. Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (2016). Water Supply and Sewerage. Chapter in a Book - Construction Methods and Technology (Eds. Hanizam Awang and Md Azree Othuman Mydin). Penang, USM Press. Pp218-236. ISBN 978-983-861-919-6
  1. Hanafi Ismail, Baharin Azahari, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Fauziah Ahmad and Meor Othman Hamzah. (2004). Recycling of Rubber Waste. Chapter in Environmental Management and Engineering (Eds. K.J. Ratnam, A.F.M. Sadullah and T.W. Sam). Penang, USM Press. Pp 134-143. ISBN 983-2514-88-6.
  1. A. Naser Abdul Ghani. (2012). Recycling Scrap Tyres into Engineering and Construction Materials. Chapter in Towards a Sustainable Built Environment in Malaysia. (Eds Mahyuddin Ramli and Hugh Byrd). Penang, USM Press. Pp 45-52. ISBN 978-983-861-544-0.
  1. Sharifah Norhaidah Syed Idros, A. Naser Abd Ghani, Rusli Jamaluddin, Hairul Nizam Ismail, Aswati Hamzah, Zakiah Mohamad Ashari. (2010). Developing a Safe and Sustainable Preschooler Play Area Integrating Blended Play and Learning Elements. BERU Publications No. 17/2010. School Of Educational Studies; USM. ISBN 978-967-5467-57-8
  1. Sharifah Norhaidah Syed Idros, A. Naser Abd Ghani, Hairul Nizam Ismail, Aswati Hamzah, Zakiah Mohamad Ashari. (2009). Ke arah membina persekitaran pengajaran dan pembelajaran yang selamat di taman permainan prasekolah. BERU Publications. School Of Educational Studies; USM. ISBN 978-983-2700-87-6
  Editor of books

1.     Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Ed). (2017). Proceedings of the Building Material and Technology Conference 2017 (BUMATEC2017). ISBN: 978-967-394-294-7. School of Housing Building and Planning, USM. 387pp

2.     Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Ed). (2016). Proceedings of the Building Material and Technology Conference 2016 (BUMATEC2016). ISBN: 978-967-394-256-5. School of Housing Building and Planning, USM. 189p.

3.     Md Azree Othuman Mydin and Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the Building Material and Technology Conference 2015 (BUMATEC2015) e-ISBN: 978-967-394-216-9, School of Housing Building and Planning, USM, 215p.

4.     Md Azree Othuman Mydin and Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Eds.). (2014). Proceedings of the Building Material and Technology Conference 2014 (BUMATEC2014) e-ISBN 978-967-394-194-0, School of Housing Building and Planning, USM, 137p

5.     Md Azree Othuman Mydin and Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani (Eds.). (2013). Proceedings of the Building Surveying and Technology Undergraduate Conference 2013 (BUSTUC2013) e-ISBN 978-967-394-153-7, School of Housing Building and Planning, USM, 204p

6.     Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Md Azree Othuman Mydin And Noor Faisal Abas (eds.), 2011, Proceedings of International Building and Infrastructure Technology Conference 2011 (ISBN 978-967-394-029-5), School of HBP, USM, 462

7.     A. Naser Abdul Ghani, M. Farid Ahmad and Noor Faisal Abas (Editors).(2007). Proceedings of Malaysian Infrastructure Technology Conference 2007. Infrastructure Technology Research Unit. USM. ISBN 978-983-3986-19-4. 168 pages.



More than 100 research and professional publications in journal and proceedings. 15 most recent and relevant publications are listed below:


1.     S. Aaminah M. Faiz, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani. 2020, Impact Reduction Factors of Energy-Absorbing Rubber Support as a Component in Elastic Flooring System, International Journal Of Sustainable Construction Engineering And Technology Vol. 11 No. 1 (2020), pp. 115-124

2.     Ismail, M.S.N., Ghani, A.N.A., Md Ghazaly, Z. & Dafalla, M. 2020, "A study on the effect of flooding depths and duration on soil subgrade performance and stability", International Journal of GEOMATE, vol. 19, no. 71, pp. 182-187.

3.     Ying, L.K. & Abdul Ghani, A.N. 2019, "Rainfall characteristics and its effect on road infrastructure health", International Journal of Integrated Engineering, vol. 11, no. 9 Special Issue, pp. 234-246.

4.     Muhd Shahril Nizam Ismail, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Zuhayr Md Ghazaly (2019). The Characteristics of Road Inundation During Flooding Events In Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of GEOMATE, Feb., 2019 Vol.16, Issue54, pp.129 -133. Geotec., Const. Mat. & Env., DOI: https://doi.org/10.21660/2019.54.4827 ISSN: 2186-2982 (Print), 2186-2990 (Online), Japan

5.     Nur Aqilah Ahmad Faisal, Abdul Naser Bin Abdul Ghani, Nuzaihan Aras Agus Salim, 2018, The Ability Of Wall Openings To Reduce Flood Induced Forces On Residential Building, International Journal of GEOMATE, 14 Issue 46:, 63-69 

6.     Safawati Mohd Radzi, Abdul Naser Bin Abdul Ghani, Muhd Shahril Nizam Ismail, Ahmad Hilmy Bin Abdul Hamid, Khalid Bin Ahmad, 2017, A Study On The Use Of Polyurethane For Road Flood Damage Control, International Journal of GEOMATE,, 12:Issue 32, (Impact Factor : 0.24)

7.     Muhd Shahril Nizam Ismail, Abdul Naser Bin Abdul Ghani, 2017, An overview of road damages due to flooding: Case study in Kedah state, Malaysia, AIP Conference Proceedings, doi: 10.1063/1.5005787, 1892, 190001  (2017):, 

8.     Liew Eu Hung, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, 2017, Experimental Validation On The Design Of Strain Gage Based Sensor For Soil Compaction, Malaysian Construction Research Journal, :, 

9.     Siti Nursaadah Haron, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Abdul Malek Abdul Rahman, 2016, Thermal Characteristics of Experimental Porous Pavers. (Indexed by SCOPUS), Jurnal Teknologi, 78: , 

10.  Devagaran Samugavelu, Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, 2016, Civil Infrastructure and Building Design: The Development of GIS Database and Product as Design Aid.(Indexed by SCOPUS), Jurnal Teknologi, 78: , 

11.  Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Nur Izyan Roslan, Ahmad Hilmy Bin Abdul Hamid, 2016, Road Submergence During Flooding and Its Effect on Subgrade Strength.(Indexed by SCOPUS), Int. J. of GEOMATE, 10: ,

12.  N.S. Baharom, A.N.A. Ghani, 2015, Preliminary Study Of Soil-Cement Piling As A New Alternative In Levee And River Bank Strengthening.(Indexed by SCOPUS), Jurnal Teknologi, 75(5)., 75(5):1, 

13.  N.I. Roslan, A. Naser Abdul Ghani, A.H. Abdul Hamid, 2015, Road Subgrade Strength Under Various Flooding Event.(Indexed by SCOPUS), Jurnal Teknologi, 75(5). ISSN 2180-372, 75(5):1, 

14.  Abdul Naser Abdul Ghani, Ahmad Hilmy Abdul Hamid, Nursriafitah Kasnon, 2015, Study on the Use of Obstructing Objects to Diffuse Flood Water Velocity during Road Crossing.(Indexed by SCOPUS), Int. J. of GEOMATE, 8:No. 16, (Impact Factor : 0.825)

15.  Ghani, A.N.A. (2005). Civil Engineering Infrastructure and Land Development: Issues in the Technically Difficult Ground Condition in Malaysia. In Proceeding of International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management: The Challenge for Innovation. (Wang, et al. Eds). P.R. China: China Architecture & Building Press. P. 1199-1201. ISBN 7-112-07871-7. (Indexed in WOS)



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